Category: Rehabilitation Information

Common Bird Nematode/Protozoa Infections

Ascaridia spp. (large roundworm of birds) Nematode From earthworms, eggs in avian feces or in contaminated water Size varies by species, females 20-120 mm, males 16-76 mm Small intestine Most serious in birds 1-3 months old Heavy infestations can cause partial or complete obstruction of the intestinal lumen resulting in reduced gastrointestinal motility or stasis; … Continue Reading

Fluid and Electrolyte Therapy

Osmosis Osmotic Pressure Hypertonic Isotonic Hypotonic Distribution of Fluids Dehydration Percentage of Dehydration Fluid Replacement Composition of common replacement fluids Osmosis — passive transport of water across a semipermeable membrane. Water tends to move across the membrane until the solute concentration (the amount of solids) on both sides are the same. When water concentration is … Continue Reading

Feather Conditioning And Damage

Feathers and flight are the primary facets of bird rehabilitation that make it uniquely more difficult than mammal rehabilitation. Feather condition is as critical during the course of release for birds as is the ability to fly. Any type of damage to the feather structure will impede a bird’s ability to fly, waterproof, and thermoregulate. … Continue Reading

Treatment Summary

Please Note: This information is an aid to general treatment following initial exam. This is a condensed listing and does not include all possible treatment methods, nor does it replace proper veterinary care. EXTERNAL PARASITES using a soft bristle toothbrush, gently stroke kitten flea powder into fur/feathers. For heavy flea or mite infestation, wrap animal … Continue Reading

Using Full Spectrum Lighting With Birds

Patrick R. Thrush © 1999 (reprinted with permission from author) One of the most commonly asked questions by birdkeepers about cage lighting concerns the effective and proper usage of full spectrum (or FS) lighting devices. Little ‘fact’ exists as to the type of lamp to be used, the correct distance of the lamp assembly to … Continue Reading

Pigeon And Dove Crop Milk

Crop milk is produced by a sloughing of fluid-filled cells from the lining of the crop. A hormone called Prolactin stimulates the growth and development of specialized epithelial cells within the crop. 1, 7 Prolactin levels in the adult begin to increase during the last half of egg incubation and remain high until 4 days … Continue Reading

Deer Pen Plans by Linda Mihatov

Rehabilitators have a variety of preferences for the design and all the variables have been included to help you design a deer pen that best fits your needs. Newborns or debilitated young: Plastic airline crate large enough to allow the fawn to stand with it?s head up and be able to turn around comfortably in … Continue Reading

Avian Longevity Records

Longevity RecordsLife Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish; James R. Carey and Debra S. Judge; Odense University Press, ISBN 87-7838-539-3 Birds Table 2. Record Life Spans (years) of Birds ((+) indicates that individual was still alive at the time that life span was recorded) Order/Family Genus/Species Common Name Wild Capt. M/F Reference Anseriformes Anatidae … Continue Reading

Mammal Longevity Records

Longevity RecordsLife Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish; James R. Carey and Debra S. Judge; Odense University Press, ISBN 87-7838-539-3 Mammals Table 1. Record Life Spans (years) of Mammals ((+) indicates that individual was still alive at the time that life span was recorded)   Order/Family Genus/Species Common Name Wild Capt. M/F Reference   … Continue Reading